Monkeypox is a virus which is transmissible from an animal to humans, recently many Monkeypox Virus cases have been identified in various countries. Basically, the virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus which comes from the family of Poxviridae. The Monkeypox Virus is a human orthopoxvirus, which consists of the vaccinia, cowpox and variola viruses. This virus is transmissible as COVID-19, meaning that it can spread from animal to human, human to animal and human to human.

Monkeypox Virus

It usually transmits from an animal to a human by a bite of animal fluid or being in direct contact. If we talk about where it is found, as per the officials the virus is mainly found in the tropical rainforest regions of central and west African clads. Preben von Magnus, a Danish virologist, has found in 1958 that the virus is also found piramates and in other animals too. The Monkeypox disease is similar to smallpox, but they have a lower mortality rate.

Smallpox is caused by the variola virus, but the Monkeypox Virus is not a direct ancestor or descendant of the variola virus. In 1958, the Monkeypox was firstly discovered in Monkeys, after that in 1970 was found in humans. The virus mainly spreads among the humans by being in touch with the animals. The only first outbreak of Monkeypox Virus outside Africa occurred by 2003 in the United States of America’s Indiana, Wisconsin and Illinois.

Monkeypox Cases

As per the WHO (World Health Organization), 92 confirmed and 28 suspected cases have been identified in Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK & USA as of 21st May 2022. Latest data are likely to be available at www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/2022-DON385 very soon.

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Indian and its neighbouring countries have not yet discovered any Monkeypox cases yet, to be protected and safe from it we have to adopt all the standard operating procedures which are suggested by the officials of World Health Organization.

Monkeypox Symptoms

After being infected from 0 to 5 days an individual faces fever, back pain, headache, etc. Skin eruption basically starts from 1 to 3 days after the fever, mostly it affects the faces, palms and soles. And after that the rashes turn into lesions, in most cases thousands of lesions occur. The Monkeypox is a self-limited disease, which usually lasts till 02 to 04 week after the infection.

Monkeypox Virus

Monkeypox Precautions

Precautions must be adopted by both the adults and kids to be safe from this virus, as we all an individual can get infected with the Monkeypox if we come in touch with an animal which is already infected. The infection can occur because of the animals fluid, blood, saliva, bite and many others. In order to be safe from it, we need to adopt the standard operating procedures of WHO (World Health Organization), which is mainly, to make distance from the stray animal. If an individual owns a pet then he/she must clean it carefully and take care of the pet’s higiene that it doesn’t eat any food which can contain the Monkeypox virus, because it may infect you too.

Monkeypox Treatment

As per the official Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and WHO (World Health Organization) there is no treatment for the Monkeypox, it all depends on the infected individual, if the infected one has a good immune system, then it will help the individual to recover from the diseases. Although some hygiene activities can be adopted by the infected individual for a speed recovery. In this case the individual has to talk to a doctor who will suggest the activities to do so, for the protection from Monkeypox.

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Monkeypox Vaccine

Vaccine has been developed for the Monkeypox virus, although the vaccine which is during smallpox can be used for the Monkeypox. The effectiveness rate of the smallpox vaccine which can be used for Monkeypox virus is 85%, other vaccines are also developed by the scientist which can be used for human kinds if it outbreaks rapidly.

Here, we know all about the Monkeypox precautions, symptoms, treatments, vaccination and more. To learn more about the Monkeypox, an individual must visit the official website of the World Health Organization at www.who.int.

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